Shape classification of wear particles by image boundary analysis using machine learning algorithms

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-358
Journal / PublicationMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Online published17 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - May 2016


The shape features of wear particles generated from wear track usually contain plenty of information about the wear states of a machinery operational condition. Techniques to quickly identify types of wear particles quickly to respond to the machine operation and prolong the machine's life appear to be lacking and are yet to be established. To bridge rapid off-line feature recognition with on-line wear mode identification, this paper presents a new radial concave deviation (RCD) method that mainly involves the use of the particle boundary signal to analyze wear particle features. Signal output from the RCDs subsequently facilitates the determination of several other feature parameters, typically relevant to the shape and size of the wear particle. Debris feature and type are identified through the use of various classification methods, such as linear discriminant analysis, quadratic discriminant analysis, naïve Bayesian method, and classification and regression tree method (CART). The average errors of the training and test via ten-fold cross validation suggest CART is a highly suitable approach for classifying and analyzing particle features. Furthermore, the results of the wear debris analysis enable the maintenance team to diagnose faults appropriately.

Research Area(s)

  • Image processing, Machine learning, Particle classification, Radial concave deviation, Wear particles