Self-assembled supramolecular polymers with tailorable properties that enhance cell attachment and proliferation

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12 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-483
Journal / PublicationActa Biomaterialia
Volume50
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Self-assembled supramolecular scaffolds, a combination of noncovalent interactions within a biocompatible polymer substrate, can be used for efficient construction of highly-controlled self-organizing hierarchical structures; these newly-developed biomaterials exhibit excellent mechanical properties, tunable surface hydrophilicity, low cytotoxicity and high biodegradability, making them highly attractive for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. Herein, we demonstrate a novel supramolecular poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) containing self-complementary sextuple hydrogen-bonded uracil-diamidopyridine (U-DPy) moieties, which undergoes spontaneous self-assembly to form supramolecular polymer networks. Inclusion of various U-DPy contents enhanced the mechanical strength and viscosities of the resulting materials by up to two orders of magnitude compared to control PCL. Surface wettability and morphological studies confirmed physically-crosslinked films can be readily tailored to provide the desired surface properties. Cell viability assays indicated the excellent in vitro biocompatibility of U-DPy-functionalized substrates and indicate the potential of these materials for various biomedical applications. More importantly, mouse fibroblast NIH/3T3 cells cultured on these substrates displayed a more elongated cell morphology and had substantially higher cell densities than cells seeded on control PCL substrate, which indicates that introduction of U-DPy moieties into polymer matrixes could be used to create tissue culture surfaces that enhance cell attachment and proliferation. This new system is suggested as a potential route towards the practical realization of next-generation tissue-engineering scaffolds. Statement of Significance In this study, we report a significant breakthrough in development of self-assembled supramolecular polymers to form well-defined scaffolds through self-complementary hydrogen-bonding interactions. These newly developed materials exhibited extremely good mechanical properties, fine-tunable hydrophilic characteristics and excellent biocompatibility due to hydrogen-bond-induced physical cross-linking. Importantly, cell adhesion and proliferation assays indicated that these substrates efficiently promoted the growth of mouse embryonic fibroblasts NIH/3T3 cells in vitro. Thus, this finding provides a simple and effective route for the development of next-generation tissue-engineering scaffolds that have improved mechanical properties, increased surface hydrophilicity and can enhance the growth and biological activity of adherent cells.

Research Area(s)

  • Bioactive scaffolds, Multiple hydrogen bonds, Self-assembly, Supramolecular chemistry, Tissue engineering

Bibliographic Note

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