SelectNet : Self-paced learning for high-dimensional partial differential equations

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number110444
Journal / PublicationJournal of Computational Physics
Online published21 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2021


The least squares method with deep neural networks as function parametrization has been applied to solve certain high-dimensional partial differential equations (PDEs) successfully; however, its convergence is slow and might not be guaranteed even within a simple class of PDEs. To improve the convergence of the network-based least squares model, we introduce a novel self-paced learning framework, SelectNet, which quantifies the difficulty of training samples, treats samples equally in the early stage of training, and slowly explores more challenging samples, e.g., samples with larger residual errors, mimicking the human cognitive process for more efficient learning. In particular, a selection network and the PDE solution network are trained simultaneously; the selection network adaptively weighting the training samples of the solution network achieving the goal of self-paced learning. Numerical examples indicate that the proposed SelectNet model outperforms existing models on the convergence speed and the convergence robustness, especially for low-regularity solutions.

Research Area(s)

  • Convergence, Deep neural networks, High-dimensional PDEs, Least square method, Selected sampling, Self-paced learning