Selective and suppressive effects of antibiotics on donor and recipient bacterial strains in gut microbiota determine transmission efficiency of blaNDM-1-bearing plasmids

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1867-1875
Journal / PublicationJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume74
Issue number7
Online published15 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Objectives: To test whether antibiotics of different functional categories exhibit differential potential in promoting transmission of MDR-encoding plasmids among members of the gut microbiome. 
Methods: Rats inoculated with blaNDM-1-bearing Klebsiella pneumoniae were subjected to treatment with different types of antibiotics. The structural changes in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiome were determined by 16S rRNA sequencing and analysis. In addition, the efficiency of transmission of blaNDM-1-bearing plasmids to different subtypes of GI tract Escherichia coli was also confirmed in vitro
Results: We showed that drugs that are commonly used to treat Gram-negative bacterial infections, such as ampicillin and amoxicillin, could enrich both carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and antibiotic-susceptible E. coli in the GI tract, thereby promoting transmission of the blaNDM-1-bearing plasmid in the gut microbiome. In contrast, meropenemwas found to minimize the population of CRE in the gut microbiome, hence treatment with this drug exhibited drastically lower potential to promote transmission of the blaNDM-1-bearing plasmid to the recipient strains.We further showed that an increased population size of Proteobacteria due to a suppressive effect on Firmicutes is a key factor in enhancing the efficiency of transmission of the blaNDM-1-bearing plasmid and hence dissemination of carbapenem-resistant strains. 
Conclusions: This study depicted for the first time the effect of different antibiotics on the structure of the rat GI tract microbiome, which in turn determined the pattern and rate of transmission of the blaNDM-1-bearing plasmid. Such findings can help establish new guidelines for prudent antibiotic usage to minimize the chance of dissemination of mobile resistance elements among members of the GI tract microbiome.

Citation Format(s)

Selective and suppressive effects of antibiotics on donor and recipient bacterial strains in gut microbiota determine transmission efficiency of blaNDM-1-bearing plasmids. / Ye, Lianwei; Chan, Edward Wai Chi; Chen, Sheng.

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Vol. 74, No. 7, 07.2019, p. 1867-1875.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review