Seismic response analysis of subway station structure under random excitation based on probability density evolution method

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-395
Journal / PublicationStructures
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


The subway station structure mainly faces the uncertainty of ground motion and surrounding soil mass. Comprehensive analysis of the seismic response of subway station structures under random excitation is the key to ensuring the safety of urban people's lives and property. In this paper, the random shear wave velocity profile model and the random ground motion model characterizing uncertainty are established. Using a high-dimensional space optimization point selection strategy significantly reduces the number of sample points and computational costs of nonlinear time history analysis (NLTHA). Combining the probability density evolution method (PDEM) with finite element analysis, the stochastic seismic response analysis of the subway station structure under dual random excitations is realized. In addition, statistical methods are used to analyze the distribution characteristics of the most unfavorable seismic responses of the subway station structure. The research results show that when random excitation is not considered, the adverse seismic damage risk of subway station structures will be ignored. The evolution of the seismic dynamic response of subway station structures is mainly controlled by the amplitude of random ground motion acceleration. Additional random shear wave velocities can increase the lateral deformation range of the subway station structure, leading to a decrease in the dynamic reliability of the structure. PDEM can conduct stochastic seismic response analysis of the subway station structure from both time and response dimensions. The proposed method provides strong support for a comprehensive analysis of the seismic response of underground structures. © 2023 Institution of Structural Engineers. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Optimized point selection strategy, Probability density evolution method, Random seismic response, Subway station structure