Second order polynomial class of chip waveforms for band-limited DS-CDMA systems

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-663
Journal / PublicationWireless Personal Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


The conventional frequency domain square-root raised cosine (Nyquist) chip waveform has much poorer anti-multiple-access-interference (anti-MAI) capability than the optimal band- limited waveform in direct sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) systems. However, the digital implementation of the optimal chip pulse is very costly due to the slow decaying rate of the time waveform. In addition, its eye diagram and envelope uniformity are worse than the Nyquist pulse for a wide range of roll-off factor, which will incur performance degradation due to timing jitters and post non-linear processing. In this paper, based on an elementary density function of a second-order polynomial, a class of second-order continuity pulses is proposed. From this class of pulses, we can find some members having faster decaying rate, bigger eye opening, more uniform envelope and stronger anti-MAI capability than the Nyquist waveform. The normalized-band-width-pulse-shape-factor product, the decaying rate of the tail of the time waveform, the opening of the eye diagram, and the envelope uniformity of the second-order continuity pulses are addressed in the paper that provide the basic information for the selection of the chip pulse for CDMA systems. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Research Area(s)

  • Chip waveform, DS-CDMA, Envelope uniformity, Eye diagram