TY - JOUR
T1 - Scattering asymmetry and circular dichroism in coupled PT-symmetric chiral nanoparticles
AU - Chen, Xiaolin
AU - Wang, Hongfei
AU - Li, Jensen
AU - Wong, Kwok-yin
AU - Lei, Dangyuan
PY - 2022/4
Y1 - 2022/4
N2 - We investigate the scattering properties of coupled parity-time (PT) symmetric chiral nanospheres with scattering matrix formalism. The exceptional points, i.e., spectral singularities at which the eigenvalues and eigenvectors simultaneously coalesce in the parameter space, of scattering matrix can be tailored by the chirality of the nanospheres. We also calculate the scattering, absorption and extinction cross sections of the PT-symmetric chiral scatter under illumination by monochromatic left- and right-circularly polarized plane waves. We find that the scattering cross section of the nanostructures exhibits an asymmetry when the plane waves are incident from the loss and gain regions, respectively, especially in the broken phase, and the optical cross section exhibits circular dichroism, i.e., differential extinction when the PT-symmetric scatter is endowed with chirality. In particular, under illumination by linearly polarized monochromatic plane waves without intrinsic chirality, the ellipticity of scattered fields in the forward direction, denoting the chirality of light, becomes larger when the scatter is in the PT-symmetry-broken phase. Our findings demonstrate that the gain and loss can control the optical chirality and enhance the chiroptical interactions and pave the way for studying the resonant chiral light-matter interactions in non-Hermitian photonics.
AB - We investigate the scattering properties of coupled parity-time (PT) symmetric chiral nanospheres with scattering matrix formalism. The exceptional points, i.e., spectral singularities at which the eigenvalues and eigenvectors simultaneously coalesce in the parameter space, of scattering matrix can be tailored by the chirality of the nanospheres. We also calculate the scattering, absorption and extinction cross sections of the PT-symmetric chiral scatter under illumination by monochromatic left- and right-circularly polarized plane waves. We find that the scattering cross section of the nanostructures exhibits an asymmetry when the plane waves are incident from the loss and gain regions, respectively, especially in the broken phase, and the optical cross section exhibits circular dichroism, i.e., differential extinction when the PT-symmetric scatter is endowed with chirality. In particular, under illumination by linearly polarized monochromatic plane waves without intrinsic chirality, the ellipticity of scattered fields in the forward direction, denoting the chirality of light, becomes larger when the scatter is in the PT-symmetry-broken phase. Our findings demonstrate that the gain and loss can control the optical chirality and enhance the chiroptical interactions and pave the way for studying the resonant chiral light-matter interactions in non-Hermitian photonics.
KW - chirality
KW - circular dichroism
KW - light scattering
KW - parity-time symmetry
KW - scattering matrix
KW - METAMATERIALS
KW - EXTINCTION
KW - RADIATION
KW - OBJECTS
KW - MATRIX
KW - SPHERE
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U2 - 10.1515/nanoph-2021-0705
DO - 10.1515/nanoph-2021-0705
M3 - RGC 21 - Publication in refereed journal
VL - 11
SP - 2159
EP - 2167
JO - Nanophotonics
JF - Nanophotonics
SN - 2192-8606
IS - 9
ER -