Scattering asymmetry and circular dichroism in coupled PT-symmetric chiral nanoparticles

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

9 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2159–2167
Journal / PublicationNanophotonics
Volume11
Issue number9
Online published11 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

We investigate the scattering properties of coupled parity-time (PT) symmetric chiral nanospheres with scattering matrix formalism. The exceptional points, i.e., spectral singularities at which the eigenvalues and eigenvectors simultaneously coalesce in the parameter space, of scattering matrix can be tailored by the chirality of the nanospheres. We also calculate the scattering, absorption and extinction cross sections of the PT-symmetric chiral scatter under illumination by monochromatic left- and right-circularly polarized plane waves. We find that the scattering cross section of the nanostructures exhibits an asymmetry when the plane waves are incident from the loss and gain regions, respectively, especially in the broken phase, and the optical cross section exhibits circular dichroism, i.e., differential extinction when the PT-symmetric scatter is endowed with chirality. In particular, under illumination by linearly polarized monochromatic plane waves without intrinsic chirality, the ellipticity of scattered fields in the forward direction, denoting the chirality of light, becomes larger when the scatter is in the PT-symmetry-broken phase. Our findings demonstrate that the gain and loss can control the optical chirality and enhance the chiroptical interactions and pave the way for studying the resonant chiral light-matter interactions in non-Hermitian photonics.

Research Area(s)

  • chirality, circular dichroism, light scattering, parity-time symmetry, scattering matrix, METAMATERIALS, EXTINCTION, RADIATION, OBJECTS, MATRIX, SPHERE

Citation Format(s)

Scattering asymmetry and circular dichroism in coupled PT-symmetric chiral nanoparticles. / Chen, Xiaolin; Wang, Hongfei; Li, Jensen et al.
In: Nanophotonics, Vol. 11, No. 9, 04.2022, p. 2159–2167.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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