Scaling hysteresis of dynamical transition in dilute Heisenberg spin systems

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-339
Journal / PublicationPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2002


The Monte Carlo method was employed to perform a numerical simulation for a classical discrete diluted Heisenberg spin system driven by an oscillating external magnetic field. To form the diluted spin system based on the isotropic Heisenberg model, we introduced in the Hamiltonian of the typical Heisenberg model both a random uniaxial anisotropy energy term characterizing an amorphous state with a proportion X and a deterministic uniaxial or triaxial anisotropy energy term representing a crystalline state with a proportion 1-X as balance. The dynamical transitional behavior of the diluted spin system mentioned above, i.e. the hysteresis loop scaled against parameter X and random uniaxial as well as deterministic uniaxial/triaxial anisotropy constants D and A, respectively, was studied in detail. For the first time, a scaling formula correlating the hysteresis loop area Aarea with the parameters X, A, and D has been put forward by us as Aarea ∼ AδDηXσ The main conclusions are summarized in the following: (i) At a specific value X (defined as Xmin), the investigated spin system gains the minimal hysteresis, which has been supported experimentally in another part of our investigation. (ii) The scaling exponents δ, η, and σ of the diluted spin system are constants independent of the lattice size, the frequency, the amplitude of the driving field, and the temperature of system. The sum of exponents δ + η (≈ 0.9) of the diluted spin system equals the exponents δ, η of a single either deterministic uniaxial/triaxial or random uniaxial anisotropy spin system. (iii) The specific value Xmin versus the logarithm of the ratio A/D shows a peculiar sigmoidal trend.