Salinity effect on an anaerobic methane- and ammonium-oxidising consortium : Shifts in activity, morphology, osmoregulation and syntrophic relationship

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Joshua Frank
  • Xueqin Zhang
  • Esteban Marcellin
  • Zhiguo Yuan
  • Shihu Hu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number120090
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume242
Online published17 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Nitrate-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (AOM) is a microbial process of both ecological significance for global methane mitigation and application potential for wastewater treatment. It is mediated by organisms belonging to the archaeal family ‘Candidatus Methanoperedenaceae’, which have so far mainly been found in freshwater environments. Their potential distribution in saline environments and their physiological responses to salinity variation were still poorly understood. In this study, the responses of the freshwater 'Candidatus Methanoperedens nitroreducens’-dominated consortium to different salinities were investigated using short- and long-term setups. Short-term exposure to salt stress significantly affected nitrate reduction and methane oxidation activities over the tested concentration range of 15–200‰ NaCl, and ‘Ca. M. nitroreducens’ showed the higher tolerance to high salinity stress than its partner of anammox bacteria. At high salinity concentration, near marine conditions of 37‰, the target organism ‘Ca. M. nitroreducens’ showed stabilized nitrate reduction activity of 208.5 µmol day−1 gCDW−1 in long-term bioreactors over 300 days, in comparison to 362.9 and 334.3 µmol day−1 gCDW−1 under low-salinity conditions (1.7‰ NaCl) and control conditions (∼15‰ NaCl). Different partners of ‘Ca. M. nitroreducens’ evolved in the consortia with three different salinity conditions, suggesting the different syntrophic mechanisms shaped by changes in salinity. A new syntrophic relationship between ‘Ca. M. nitroreducens’ and Fimicutes and/or Chloroflexi denitrifying populations was identified under the marine salinity condition. Metaproteomic analysis shows that the salinity changes lead to higher expression of response regulators and selective ion (Na+/H+) channeling proteins that can regulate the osmotic pressure between the cell and its environment. The reverse methanogenesis pathway was, however, not impacted. The finding of this study has important implications for the ecological distribution of the nitrate-dependent AOM process in marine environments and the potential of this biotechnological process for the treatment of high-salinity industrial wastewater. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Research Area(s)

  • Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM), Anammox, Candidatus methanoperedens nitroreducens, Nitrate-dependent AOM, Salinity, Syntrophic relationship

Citation Format(s)

Salinity effect on an anaerobic methane- and ammonium-oxidising consortium: Shifts in activity, morphology, osmoregulation and syntrophic relationship. / Frank, Joshua; Zhang, Xueqin; Marcellin, Esteban et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 242, 120090, 15.08.2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review