Room temperature and humidity decoupling control of common variable air volume air-conditioning system based on bilinear characteristics

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationEnergy and Built Environment
Online published23 Feb 2022
Publication statusOnline published - 23 Feb 2022


Variable air volume (VAV) air-conditioning (AC) systems are widely employed to achieve a comfortable room thermal and humid environment depending on its better regulation performance and energy efficiency. In the single coil VAV AC system, conventional proportional-integral (PI) control algorithm is usually adopted to track the set-points of the room temperature and humidity by regulating the supply air flow rate and the chilled water flow rate, respectively. However, the control performance is usually not good due to the high coupling of the heat and mass transfer in the air-handling unit (AHU). A model-based control method is developed to realize the decoupling control of the room temperature and humidity according to the bilinear characteristics of the temperature and humidity variation. In this control method, a bilinear room temperature controller is used to track the room temperature set-point based on the real-time cooling load, while a room humidity controller is used to track the room humidity set-point depending on the real-time humidity load. The control performance was validated in a simulated VAV AC system. The test results show that comparing with the conventional PI control, the room temperature and humidity are controlled much more robustly and accurately by using the proposed model-based control method.

Research Area(s)

  • Bilinear control, Model-based cascade control, Room humidity control, Room temperature control, VAV air-conditioning system