Role of PARP1 regulation in radiation-induced rescue effect

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-367
Journal / PublicationJournal of Radiation Research
Volume61
Issue number3
Online published24 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Radiation-induced rescue effect (RIRE) in cells refers to the phenomenon where irradiated cells (IRCs) receive help from feedback signals produced by partnered bystander unirradiated cells (UIRCs) or from the conditioned medium (CM) that has previously conditioned the UIRCs. In the present work, we explored the role of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) regulation in RIRE and the positive feedback loop between PARP1 and nuclear factor-kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cell (NF-κB) in RIRE using various cell lines, including HeLa, MCF7, CNE-2 and HCT116 cells. We first found that when the IRCs (irradiated with 2 Gy X-ray) were treated with CM, the relative mRNA expression levels of both tumor suppressor p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) and PARP1, the co-localization factor between 53BP1 and γH2AX as well as the fluorescent intensity of PARP1 were reduced. We also found that IRCs treated with the PARP1 inhibitor, Olaparib (AZD2281) had a higher 53BP1 expression. These results illustrated that PARP1 was involved in RIRE transcriptionally and translationally. We further revealed that treatment of IRCs with CM together with Olaparib led to significantly lower mRNA expression levels and fluorescent intensities of NF-κB, while treatment of IRCs with CM together the NF-κB inhibitor BAY-11-7082 led to significantly lower mRNA expression levels as well as fluorescent intensities of PARP1. These results illustrated that PARP1 and NF-κB were involved in the positive feedback loop transcriptionally and translationally. Thus, the results supported the occurrence of a PARP1-NF-κB positive feedback loop in RIRE. The present work provided insights into potential exploitation of inhibition of PARP1 and/or the PARP1-NF-κB positive feedback loop in designing adjuncts to cancer radiotherapeutics.

Research Area(s)

  • BAY-11-7082, radiation-induced rescue effect (RIRE), PARP1, NF-κB, TNF-α, Olaparib

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