Robust quantum gates for singlet-triplet spin qubits using composite pulses

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xin Wang
  • Lev S. Bishop
  • Edwin Barnes
  • J. P. Kestner
  • S. Das Sarma

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number22310
Journal / PublicationPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume89
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

We present a comprehensive theoretical treatment of supcode, a method for generating dynamically corrected quantum gate operations, which are immune to random noise in the environment, by using carefully designed sequences of soft pulses. supcode enables dynamical error suppression even when the control field is constrained to be positive and uniaxial, making it particularly suited to counteracting the effects of noise in systems subject to these constraints such as singlet-triplet qubits. We describe and explain in detail how to generate supcode pulse sequences for arbitrary single-qubit gates and provide several explicit examples of sequences that implement commonly used gates, including the single-qubit Clifford gates. We develop sequences for noise-resistant two-qubit gates for two exchange-coupled singlet-triplet qubits by cascading robust single-qubit gates, leading to a 35% reduction in gate time compared to previous works. This cascade approach can be scaled up to produce gates for an arbitrary-length spin qubit array and is thus relevant to scalable quantum computing architectures. To more accurately describe real spin qubit experiments, we show how to design sequences that incorporate additional features and practical constraints such as sample-specific charge noise models and finite pulse rise times. We provide a detailed analysis based on randomized benchmarking to show how supcode gates perform under realistic 1/fα noise and find a strong dependence of gate fidelity on the exponent α, with best performance for α>1. Our supcode sequences can therefore be used to implement robust universal quantum computation while accommodating the fundamental constraints and experimental realities of singlet-triplet qubits. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Citation Format(s)

Robust quantum gates for singlet-triplet spin qubits using composite pulses. / Wang, Xin; Bishop, Lev S.; Barnes, Edwin; Kestner, J. P.; Das Sarma, S.

In: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Vol. 89, No. 2, 22310, 11.02.2014.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review