Risk tradeoffs between nitrogen dioxide and ozone pollution during the COVID-19 lockdowns in the Greater Bay area of China

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Changqing Lin
  • Yushan Song
  • Peter K.K. Louie
  • Zibing Yuan
  • Ying Li
  • Minghui Tao
  • Chengcai Li
  • Jimmy C.H. Fung
  • Zhi Ning
  • Alexis K.H. Lau

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number101549
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Pollution Research
Volume13
Issue number10
Online published6 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Photochemical regime for ozone (O3) formation is complicated in the sense that reducing emission of nitrogen oxides (NOx) may increase O3 concentration. The lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic affords a unique opportunity to use real observations to explore the O3 formation regime and the effectiveness of NOx emission control strategies. In this study, observations from ground networks during the lockdowns were used to assess spatial disparity of the Ratio of Ozone Formation (ROF) for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) reduction in the Greater Bay Area (GBA) of China. The health risk model from Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) system in Hong Kong was adopted to evaluate the risk tradeoffs between NO2 and O3. Results show that the levels of O3 increase and NO2 reduction were comparable due to high ROF values in urban areas of central GBA. The ozone reactivity to NO2 reduction gradually declined outwards from central GBA. Despite the O3 increases, the NOx emission controls reduced the Integrated Health Risk (IHR) of NO2 and O3 in most regions of the GBA. When risk coefficients from the AQHI in Canada or the global review were adopted in the risk analyses, the results are extremely encouraging because the controls of NOx emission reduced the IHR of NO2 and O3 almost everywhere in the GBA. Our results underscore the importance of using a risk-based method to assess the effectiveness of emission control measures and the overall health benefit from NOx emission controls in the GBA. © 2022 Turkish National Committee for Air Pollution Research and Control.

Research Area(s)

  • Emission, Health risk, Lockdowns, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone

Citation Format(s)

Risk tradeoffs between nitrogen dioxide and ozone pollution during the COVID-19 lockdowns in the Greater Bay area of China. / Lin, Changqing; Song, Yushan; Louie, Peter K.K. et al.
In: Atmospheric Pollution Research, Vol. 13, No. 10, 101549, 10.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review