Retraction dynamics of low-viscosity nanodroplets : From hydrophobic to hydrophilic surfaces

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yi-Feng Wang
  • Yi-Bo Wang
  • Xin He
  • Ben-Xi Zhang
  • Yan-Ru Yang
  • Xiao-Dong Wang

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number118963
Journal / PublicationJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume355
Online published19 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Abstract

Because of scale effects, the impact of nanodroplets shows different spreading and retraction dynamics from millimeter-sized droplets, which remains poorly understood. This work investigates the retraction dynamics of low-viscosity water nanodroplets on hydrophobic to hydrophilic surfaces via molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Two retraction regimes, inertial and capillary regimes, are defined based on whether an obvious rim can be observed in retraction processes. The two retraction regimes successively take place on hydrophobic surfaces, whereas only the capillary regime is observed on hydrophilic surfaces. In the inertial regime, the inertial force in the rim and the viscous forces near the rim entrance and the central film both dominate the retraction. The former makes the retraction velocity scale as We−1/2, whereas the latter causes the scaling of Oh−1/3. Moreover, the spreading factor in the inertial regime decreases from its maximum value to equilibrium value in the same interval of time. Based on these dynamics, an expression for retraction velocity in the inertial regime is proposed. In the capillary regime, the retraction slows down because inertial force weakens significantly. The retraction velocity depends only on the impact velocity and surface wettability. The proposed two expressions of retraction velocities are validated by MD simulations for the impact of nanodroplets on hydrophobic to hydrophilic surfaces at various impact velocities, showing good agreement between them. Furthermore, using the present retraction dynamics, a model of contact time for nanodroplets impacting hydrophobic surfaces is also developed.

Research Area(s)

  • Contact time, Molecular dynamics, Retraction velocity, Water nanodroplet

Citation Format(s)

Retraction dynamics of low-viscosity nanodroplets : From hydrophobic to hydrophilic surfaces. / Wang, Yi-Feng; Wang, Yi-Bo; He, Xin; Zhang, Ben-Xi; Yang, Yan-Ru; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Lee, Duu-Jong.

In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, Vol. 355, 118963, 01.06.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review