Resilience is associated with better recovery in Chinese people diagnosed with coronary heart disease

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-349
Journal / PublicationPsychology and Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


This study investigated the impact of personal resilience (a composite measure of optimism, perceived control and self-esteem) on outcome measures in 67 Chinese coronary heart disease patients in response to an 8-week rehabilitation programme. The effect of personal resilience on posttraumatic growth attributed to the onset of heart disease was also examined. Results indicated that coronary heart disease patients high in personal resilience achieved better outcomes than those low in personal resilience, as indicated by higher physical and mental summary measures in SF-36, lower cholesterol levels and better performance on the 6min walk test. Moreover, personal resilience was demonstrated to be a significant predictor of the level of posttraumatic growth although the rehabilitation programme exerted a weak mediating effect on the link between personal resilience and posttraumatic growth. Findings were discussed in relation to clinical implications of the construct of personal resilience and the intervention programme.

Research Area(s)

  • Coronary heart disease, Optimism, Perceived control, Personal resilience, Posttraumatic growth, Self-esteem