Resilience and coping strategies of older adults in Hong Kong during COVID-19 pandemic : a mixed methods study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Gary Ka-Ki Chung
  • Yat‑Hang Chan
  • Roger Yat-Nork Chung
  • Hung Wong
  • Eng Kiong Yeoh
  • Jean Woo

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number299
Journal / PublicationBMC Geriatrics
Volume22
Online published8 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

Background: Despite the adverse physical health impact of COVID-19 on older adults, whether they are psychosocially vulnerable under the pandemic remains debatable. In this mixed methods study, we examined the psychosocial vulnerability of older adults relative to their younger counterparts and explored how they coped with the pandemic. 

Methods: From September to October 2020, 1067 adults in Hong Kong were randomly sampled and completed a telephone survey, whereas 10 older adults were recruited for individual interviews between September 2020 and April 2021. Quantitative measurements included subjective well-being, worries about COVID-19, and changes in social capital and social interaction since the pandemic. The transcribed qualitative data were closely read and summarized using thematic analyses. 

Results: Compared with younger adults, older adults tended to be less worried about COVID-19 infection and economic activity/livelihood, despite being slightly more worried about supplies of personal protective equipment. They also had better subjective well-being in terms of happiness and life satisfaction, with their social capital and social interaction less affected. In addition, five themes emerged from the qualitative interviews: (1) life philosophy; (2) economic security; (3) telecommunication; (4) role of community organizations and social workers; and (5) positive coping strategies. 

Conclusions: Older adults in this study showed better psychosocial well-being than their younger counterparts under the COVID-19 pandemic, which challenged the deeply rooted societal stereotype about the vulnerability of older adults. The stronger resilience for positive coping, technological assistance, and targeted government and community support may have protected older adults from distress during the pandemic.

Research Area(s)

  • Worries about COVID-19, Social capital, Vulnerability, Subjective well-being, Community support

Citation Format(s)

Resilience and coping strategies of older adults in Hong Kong during COVID-19 pandemic : a mixed methods study. / Chan, Siu‑Ming; Chung, Gary Ka-Ki; Chan, Yat‑Hang; Chung, Roger Yat-Nork; Wong, Hung; Yeoh, Eng Kiong; Woo, Jean.

In: BMC Geriatrics, Vol. 22, 299, 2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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