Residual contrast response in primary visual cortex of rats with inherited retinal degeneration

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Ke Chen
  • Bojun Hou
  • Yilei Zhao
  • Peimin Yuan
  • Dezhong Yao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-11
Journal / PublicationVision Research
Volume177
Online published12 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Abstract

Rhodopsin S334ter-3 retinal degeneration rats have been widely used to investigate degenerative diseases of the retina. In this model, morphological and electrophysiological changes have been observed in the retina, superior colliculus and primary visual cortex (V1). However, no study so far has examined rhodopsin S334ter-3 rats with regards to their contrast response in V1 — a fundamental property of visual information processing. In this study, experimental rats (S334ter-3) carried one copy of the mutant transgene. We compared responses to spatio-temporal variations in luminance contrast in the primary visual cortex of these rats with those in Long-Evans (LE) rats to elucidate the degeneration-specific activity changes in this part of the visual pathway. We measured extracellular responses to different stimulus contrasts at the preferred parameters of each recorded cell under classical receptive field (CRF) stimulation. Our results show that V1 cells in the S334ter-3 group exhibit stronger spontaneous activity but weaker stimulus-evoked responses at medium and high contrasts. By fitting responses to a sigmoid function, we found that the S334ter-3 group had a lower Rmax but a larger exponent N than the LE group. However, we did not find a significant difference in C50 value. These results indicate the decrease in discriminating the stimuli contrast and loss in responses and lower signal to noise ratio after retinal degeneration. Our study supports the notion that a considerable degree of plasticity is found in cortex after retinal degeneration, indicating that visual restoration therapies would succeed if the retina could send useful signals to the brain.

Research Area(s)

  • Contrast-response function, Photoreceptors, Primary visual cortex, Retinal degeneration, Spontaneous activity

Citation Format(s)

Residual contrast response in primary visual cortex of rats with inherited retinal degeneration. / Chen, Ke; Hou, Bojun; Zhao, Yilei et al.
In: Vision Research, Vol. 177, 12.2020, p. 6-11.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review