Removal of organic materials from TNT red water by Bamboo Charcoal adsorption

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-49
Journal / PublicationChemical Engineering Journal
Volume193-194
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2012

Abstract

Bamboo Charcoal (BC) was used as an adsorbent to remove organic materials from TNT red water. The studies were carried out by varying pH, dilution ratios of TNT red water, contact time and temperature. The characterizations of BC were analyzed by N 2 adsorption, Boehm titration method, mass titration, the scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The functional groups of TNT red water was also determined by FTIR. The equilibrium adsorption data were analyzed using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms. It was observed that the Langmuir isotherm fitted the experimental results well and the adsorption involved a physical mechanism by the D-R models analysis. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model described the adsorption kinetics of the organic materials from TNT red water very well. The studies of external diffusion and intraparticle diffusion models showed that external as well as intraparticle diffusion also influenced on the actual adsorption process. Thermodynamic studies showed that the adsorption of organic materials from TNT red water on BC was a spontaneous, endothermic process and the randomness increases at the solid/solution interface. The mechanisms of adsorption were studied by electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonding formation electron, donor-acceptor interaction and π-π dispersion interaction. © 2012.

Research Area(s)

  • Adsorption, Bamboo-charcoal, Organic materials, TNT red water

Citation Format(s)

Removal of organic materials from TNT red water by Bamboo Charcoal adsorption. / Fu, Dan; Zhang, Yihe; Lv, Fengzhu; Chu, Paul K.; Shang, Jiwu.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 193-194, 15.06.2012, p. 39-49.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review