Remote Sensing Monitoring of Green Tide Disaster Using MODIS and GF-1 Data : A Case Study in the Yellow Sea

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  • Yanzhuo Men
  • Yingying Liu
  • Yufei Ma
  • Yuanzhi Zhang


Original languageEnglish
Article number2212
Journal / PublicationJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number12
Online published22 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023



Satellites with low-to-medium spatial resolution face challenges in monitoring the early and receding stages of green tides, while those with high spatial resolution tend to reduce the monitoring frequency of such phenomena. This study aimed to observe the emergence, evolution, and migratory patterns of green tides. We integrated GF-1 and MODIS imagery to collaboratively monitor the green tide disaster in the Yellow Sea during 2021. Initially, a linear regression model was employed to adjust the green tide coverage area as captured using MODIS imagery. We jointly observed the distribution range, drift path, and coverage area of the green tide and analyzed the drift path in coordination with offshore wind field and flow field data. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of SST, SSS, and rainfall on the 2021 green tide outbreak. The correlations calculated between SST, SSS, and precipitation with the changes in the area of the green tide were 0.43, 0.76, and 0.48, respectively. Our findings indicate that the large-scale green tide outbreak in 2021 may be associated with several factors. An increase in SST and SSS during the initial phase of the green tide established the essential conditions, while substantial rainfall during its developmental stage provided favorable conditions. Notably, the SSS exhibited a close association with the outbreak of the green tide. © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Research Area(s)

  • green tide, GF-1, MODIS, the Yellow Sea

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