Relationship between osseointegration and superelastic biomechanics in porous NiTi scaffolds

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Xiangmei Liu
  • Shuilin Wu
  • Kelvin W.K. Yeung
  • Y.L. Chan
  • Tao Hu
  • Zushun Xu
  • Xuanyong Liu
  • Kenneth M.C. Cheung

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-338
Journal / PublicationBiomaterials
Volume32
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Abstract

The superelastic nature of bones requires matching biomechanical properties from the ideal artificial biomedical implants in order to provide smooth load transfer and foster the growth of new bone tissues. In this work, we determine the biomechanical characteristics of porous NiTi implants and investigate bone ingrowth under actual load-bearing conditions in vivo. In this systematic and comparative study, porous NiTi, porous Ti, dense NiTi, and dense Ti are implanted into 5 mm diameter holes in the distal part of the femur/tibia of rabbits for 15 weeks. The bone ingrowth and interfacial bonding strength are evaluated by histological analysis and push-out test. The porous NiTi materials bond very well to newly formed bone tissues and the highest average strength of 357 N and best ductility are achieved from the porous NiTi materials. The bonding curve obtained from the NiTi scaffold shows similar superelasticity as natural bones with a deflection of 0.30-0.85 mm thus shielding new bone tissues from large load stress. This is believed to be the reason why new bone tissues can penetrate deeply into the porous NiTi scaffold compared to the one made of porous Ti. Histological analysis reveals that new bone tissues adhere and grow well on the external surfaces as well as exposed areas on the inner pores of the NiTi scaffold. The in vitro study indicates that the surface chemical composition and topography of the porous structure leads to good cytocompatibility. Consequently, osteoblasts proliferate smoothly on the entire implant including the flat surface, embossed region, exposed area of the pores, and interconnected channels. In conjunction with the good cytocompatibility, the superelastic biomechanical properties of the porous NiTi scaffold bodes well for fast formation and ingrowth of new bones, and porous NiTi scaffolds are thus suitable for clinical applications under load-bearing conditions. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Biomechanics, Osseointegration, Porous NiTi shape memory alloy, Scaffolds, Superelasticity

Citation Format(s)

Relationship between osseointegration and superelastic biomechanics in porous NiTi scaffolds. / Liu, Xiangmei; Wu, Shuilin; Yeung, Kelvin W.K.; Chan, Y.L.; Hu, Tao; Xu, Zushun; Liu, Xuanyong; Chung, Jonathan C.Y.; Cheung, Kenneth M.C.; Chu, Paul K.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.2011, p. 330-338.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal