Rejuvenating Hyaline Cartilaginous Phenotype of Dedifferentiated Chondrocytes in Collagen II Scaffolds : A Mechanism Study Using Chondrocyte Membrane Nanoaggregates as Antagonists

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077–2090
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Volume18
Issue number3
Online published9 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2024

Abstract

Joint cartilage lesions affect the global population in the current aging society. Maintenance and rejuvenation of articular cartilage with hyaline phenotype remains a challenge as the underlying mechanism has not been completely understood. Here, we have designed and performed a mechanism study using scaffolds made of type II collagen (Col2) as the 3D cell cultural platforms, on some of which nanoaggregates comprising extracts of chondrocyte membrane (CCM) were coated as the antagonist of Col2. Dedifferentiated chondrocytes were, respectively, seeded into these Col2 based scaffolds with (antCol2S) or without (Col2S) CCM coating. After 6 weeks, in Col2S, the chondrocytes were rejuvenated to regain hyaline phenotype, whereas this redifferentiation effect was attenuated in antCol2S. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling indicated that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which is an opponent to maintenance of the hyaline cartilaginous phenotype, was inhibited in Col2S, but it was contrarily upregulated in antCol2S due to the antagonism and shielding against Col2 by the CCM coating. Specifically, in antCol2S, since the coated CCM nanoaggregates contain the same components as those present on the surface of the seeded chondrocytes, the corresponding ligand sites on Col2 had been preoccupied and saturated by CCM coating before exposure to the seeded cells. The results indicated that the ligation between Col2 ligands and integrin α5 receptors on the surface of the seeded chondrocytes in antCol2S was antagonized by the CCM coating, which facilitates the Wnt/β-catenin signaling toward the loss of hyaline cartilaginous phenotype. This finding reveals the contribution of Col2 for maintenance and rejuvenation of the hyaline cartilaginous phenotype in chondrocytes. © 2024 American Chemical Society.

Research Area(s)

  • cell membrane, chondrocytes phenotype, integrin α5, nanoaggregates, type II collagen, Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Citation Format(s)

Rejuvenating Hyaline Cartilaginous Phenotype of Dedifferentiated Chondrocytes in Collagen II Scaffolds: A Mechanism Study Using Chondrocyte Membrane Nanoaggregates as Antagonists. / Zhou, Huiqun; Mu, Yulei; Ma, Cheng et al.
In: ACS Nano, Vol. 18, No. 3, 23.01.2024, p. 2077–2090.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review