Refractive-index sensor based on long-range surface plasmon mode excitation with long- Period waveguide grating

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7933-7942
Journal / PublicationOptics Express
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2009


We propose a refractive-index sensor that operates on the principle of exciting the long-range surface plasmon mode of a metal-coated waveguide with a long-period grating formed in the waveguide, where the wavelength at which the mode excitation occurs serves as a measure of the refractive index of the external medium. We analyze the sensor with a coupled-mode theory and highlight the effects of the waveguide parameters on the loss of the surface plasmon mode and the performance of the sensor. Our results show that the sensor can provide a sharp resonance for high precision measurements and a high sensitivity comparable to that of an optimized bulk prism-based surface plasmon sensor. Our sensor also offers much flexibility in the choice of waveguide parameters for different applications. © 2009 Optical Society of America.