Recurrent filmwise and dropwise condensation on a beetle mimetic surface

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Youmin Hou
  • Miao Yu
  • Xuemei Chen
  • Zuankai Wang
  • Shuhuai Yao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Volume9
Issue number1
Online published11 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2015

Abstract

Vapor condensation plays a key role in a wide range of industrial applications including power generation, thermal management, water harvesting and desalination. Fast droplet nucleation and efficient droplet departure as well as low interfacial thermal resistance are important factors that determine the thermal performances of condensation; however, these properties have conflicting requirements on the structural roughness and surface chemistry of the condensing surface or condensation modes (e.g., filmwise vs dropwise). Despite intensive efforts over the past few decades, almost all studies have focused on the dropwise condensation enabled by superhydrophobic surfaces. In this work, we report the development of a bioinspired hybrid surface with high wetting contrast that allows for seamless integration of filmwise and dropwise condensation modes. We show that the synergistic cooperation in the observed recurrent condensation modes leads to improvements in all aspects of heat transfer properties including droplet nucleation density, growth rate, and self-removal, as well as overall heat transfer coefficient. Moreover, we propose an analytical model to optimize the surface morphological features for dramatic heat transfer enhancement.

Research Area(s)

  • dropwise condensation, filmwise condensation, heat transfer enhancement, heterogeneous wettability, nanostructure

Citation Format(s)

Recurrent filmwise and dropwise condensation on a beetle mimetic surface. / Hou, Youmin; Yu, Miao; Chen, Xuemei et al.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 9, No. 1, 27.01.2015, p. 71-81.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review