Recovery of in-sewer dosed iron from digested sludge at downstream treatment plants and its reuse potential

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Sirajus Salehin
  • Mario Rebosura Jr.
  • Jürg Keller
  • Wolfgang Gernjak
  • Bogdan C. Donose
  • Ilje Pikaar

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number115627
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume174
Online published14 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Iron-based coagulants are dosed in enormous amounts and play an essential role in various segments of our urban water infrastructure. In order for the water industry to become circular, a closed-loop management strategy for iron needs to be developed. In this study, we have demonstrated for the first time that in-sewer dosed iron, either in the form of FeCl3 or ferric-based drinking water sludge (Fe-DWS) as a means to combat sewer corrosion and odour, can be recovered in the form of vivianite in digested sludge in down-stream wastewater treatment plants. Importantly, about 92 ± 2% of the in-sewer dosed Fe was estimated to be bound in vivianite in digested sludge. A simple insertion of Neodymium magnet allowed to recover 11 ± 0.2% and 15.3 ± 0.08% of the vivianite formed in the digested sludge of the in-sewer dosed iron in the form of FeCl3 and Fe-DWS, respectively. The purity of recovered vivianite ranged between 70 ± 5% and 49 ± 3% for in-sewer dosed FeCl3 and Fe-DWS, respectively. Almost complete (i.e. 98 ± 0.3%) separation of Fe in the form of ferrihydrite was achieved from vivianite after alkaline washing. Subsequent batch experiments demonstrated that the recovered ferrihydrite can be directly reused for efficient sulfide control in sewers. At a ferrihydrite-Fe:S molar ratio of 1.2:1, sewage dissolved sulfide concentrations was reduced from 15 mgS/L to below 0.5 mgS/L within 1 h of reaction. Overall, the results obtained in our study flag a first step for utilities towards a closed-loop iron-based coagulant management approach. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Circular economy, Coagulant recovery, Integrated management, Resource efficiency, Sulfide control

Citation Format(s)

Recovery of in-sewer dosed iron from digested sludge at downstream treatment plants and its reuse potential. / Salehin, Sirajus; Rebosura Jr., Mario; Keller, Jürg et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 174, 115627, 01.05.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review