Recent trends in wastewater treatment by using metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their composites : A critical view-point

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

24 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Syed Shoaib Ahmad Shah
  • Manzar Sohail
  • Ghulam Murtza
  • Amir Waseem
  • Aziz ur Rehman
  • Muhammad Sohail Bashir
  • Saleh S. Alarfaji
  • Ahmed M. Hassan
  • Muhammad Altaf Nazir
  • Muhammad Sufyan Javed
  • Tayyaba Najam

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number140729
Journal / PublicationChemosphere
Volume349
Online published19 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Abstract

Respecting the basic need of clean and safe water on earth for every individual, it is necessary to take auspicious steps for waste-water treatment. Recently, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are considered as promising material because of their intrinsic features including the porosity and high surface area. Further, structural tunability of MOFs by following the principles of reticular chemistry, the MOFs can be functionalized for the high adsorption performance as well as adsorptive removal of target materials. However, there are still some major concerns associated with MOFs limiting their commercialization as promising adsorbents for waste-water treatment. The cost, toxicity and regenerability are the major issues to be addressed for MOFs to get insightful results. In this article, we have concise the current strategies to enhance the adsorption capacity of MOFs during the water-treatment for the removal of toxic dyes, pharmaceuticals, and heavy metals. Further, we have also discussed the role of metallic nodes, linkers and associated functional groups for effective removal of toxic water pollutants. In addition to conformist overview, we have critically analyzed the MOFs as adsorbents in terms of toxicity, cost and regenerability. These factors are utmost important to address before commercialization of MOFs as adsorbents for water-treatment. Finally, some future perspectives are discussed to give directions for potential research. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Adsorption, MOF-Based membranes, MOFs, Structural engineering of MOFs, Water treatment

Citation Format(s)

Recent trends in wastewater treatment by using metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their composites: A critical view-point. / Shah, Syed Shoaib Ahmad; Sohail, Manzar; Murtza, Ghulam et al.
In: Chemosphere, Vol. 349, 140729, 02.2024.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review