Recent progress in the development and properties of novel metal matrix nanocomposites reinforced with carbon nanotubes and graphene nanosheets

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-350
Journal / PublicationMaterials Science and Engineering R: Reports
Volume74
Issue number10
Early online date25 Sep 2013
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Abstract

One-dimensional carbon nanotubes and two-dimensional graphene nanosheets with unique electrical, mechanical and thermal properties are attractive reinforcements for fabricating light weight, high strength and high performance metal-matrix composites. Rapid advances of nanotechnology in recent years enable the development of advanced metal matrix nanocomposites for structural engineering and functional device applications. This review focuses on the recent development in the synthesis, property characterization and application of aluminum, magnesium, and transition metal-based composites reinforced with carbon nanotubes and graphene nanosheets. These include processing strategies of carbonaceous nanomaterials and their composites, mechanical and tribological responses, corrosion, electrical and thermal properties as well as hydrogen storage and electrocatalytic behaviors. The effects of nanomaterial dispersion in the metal matrix and the formation of interfacial precipitates on these properties are also addressed. Particular attention is paid to the fundamentals and the structure-property relationships of such novel nanocomposites. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Carbon nanotubes, Composites, Fabrication, Graphene, Mechanical property, Thermal property

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