Recent progress and strategies to develop antimicrobial contact lenses and lens cases for different types of microbial keratitis

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

9 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-118
Journal / PublicationActa Biomaterialia
Volume113
Online published1 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Abstract

Although contact lenses are widely used for vision correction, they are also the primary cause of a number of ocular diseases such as microbial keratitis (MK), etc. and inflammatory events such as infiltrative keratitis (IK), contact lens acute red eye (CLARE), contact lens-induced peripheral ulcer (CLPU), etc. These diseases and infiltrative events often result from microbial contamination of lens care solutions and lens cases that can be exacerbated by unsanitary lens care and extended lens wear. The treatment of microbial biofilms (MBs) on lens cases and contact lenses are complicated and challenging due to their resistance to conventional antimicrobial lens care solutions. More importantly, MK caused by MBs can lead to acute visual damage or even vision impairment. Therefore, the development of lens cases, lens care solutions, and contact lenses with effective antimicrobial performance against MK will contribute to the safe use of contact lenses. This review article summarizes and discusses different chemical approaches for the development of antimicrobial contact lenses and lens cases employing passive surface modifications, antimicrobial peptides, free-radical fabricating agents, quorum sensing quenchers, antibiotics, antifungal drugs and various metals and coatings with antimicrobial nanomaterials. The benefits and shortcomings of these approaches are assessed, and alternative solutions for future developments are discussed.

Research Area(s)

  • Lens cases, ocular diseases, microbial keratitis, antimicrobial peptides, nanomaterial coatings