Recent Advances in Cantilever-Free Scanning Probe Lithography : High-Throughput, Space-Confined Synthesis of Nanostructures and beyond

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4381-4386
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Issue number5
Online published23 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


Scalability is the major challenge for scanning probe lithography (SPL). Recently developed cantilever-free scanning probe technologies provide a solution to the issue of scalability by incorporating massive arrays of polymer pens, which fundamentally overcome the low-throughput nature of SPL. The further development of cantilever-free SPL brings up a variety of applications in electronics, biology, and chemical synthesis. In this Perspective, we highlight the space-confined synthesis of complex nanostructures enabled by different types of cantilever-free SPL technologies.