Real-time monitoring of intracellular calcium dynamic mobilization of a single cardiomyocyte in a microfluidic chip pertaining to drug discovery

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4723-4733
Journal / PublicationElectrophoresis
Volume28
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A microfluidic method for real-time quantitative measurement of cellular response pertaining to drug discovery is reported. This method is capable of multiple-step liquid delivery for measuring the drug response of a single cardiomyocyte, due to the improved cell retention by a newly designed chip. The chip, which consists of a cell-retention chamber with a weir structure, was fabricated just by a one-photomask microfabrication procedure followed by on-chip etching. This method differs from the conventional method, which uses two-mask photolithography to fabricate the microchannel (deep etch) and the weir structure (shallow etch). The dimensions of the weir structure have been predicted by a mathematical model, and confirmed by confocal microscopy. Using this microfluidic method, the dynamic [Ca<sup>2+</sup>]<sub>i</sub> mobilization in a single cardiomyocyte during its spontaneous contraction was quantified. Furthermore, we measured the cellular response of a cardiomyocyte on (i) a known cardiotonic agent (caffeine), (ii) a cardiotoxic chemotherapeutic drug (daunorubicin), and (iii) an herbal anticancer drug candidate - isoliquiritigenin (IQ) based on the fluorescent calcium measurement. It was found that IQ had produced a less pronounced effect on calcium mobilization of the cardiomyocytes whereas caffeine and daunorubicin had much stronger effects on the cells. These three experiments on cardiomyocytes pertaining to drug discovery were only possible after the improved cell retention provided by the new chip design (MV2) required for multiple-step real-time cellular analysis on a microchip, as compared with our old chip design (MV1). © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Research Area(s)

  • Cardiomyocyte, Intracellular calcium measurement, Microfluidic chip, Single-cell analysis, Weir structure

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