Reactivity of high-valent iron-oxo species in enzymes and synthetic reagents : A tale of many states

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-542
Journal / PublicationAccounts of Chemical Research
Volume40
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The Account discusses the phenomenon of two-state reactivity (TSR) or multistate reactivity (MSR) in high-valent metal-oxo reagents, projecting its wide-ranging applicability starting from the bare species, through the reagents made by Que, Nam, and collaborators, to the Mn(V)-oxo substituted polyoxometalate, all the way to Compound I species of heme enzymes. The Account shows how the behaviors of all these variegated species derive from a simple set of electronic structure principles. Experimental trends that demonstrate TSR and MSR are discussed. Diagnostic mechanistic probes are proposed for the TSR/MSR scenario, based on kinetic isotope effect, stereochemical studies, and magnetic- and electric-field effects. © 2007 American Chemical Society.