Rare Generalized Form of Fungal Dermatitis in a Horse : Case Report

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Roberta Barrasso
  • Adriana Trotta
  • Giancarlo Bozzo
  • Claudia Cafarchia

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number871
Journal / PublicationAnimals
Volume10
Issue number5
Online published17 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

A rare case of Geotrichum spp. dermatitis in a horse is presented. After unrelated, previous surgery and antibiotic treatment, a saddle horse showed well-circumscribed areas of non-pruritic alopecia. Suspecting allergic skin disease, the horse was treated with corticosteroids. The skin lesion spread, and a second veterinarian was consulted. At clinical examination, the horse was lethargic, pyretic and hair was shedding/easily epilated over the head, neck, shoulders, and legs and the hind legs were swollen. Blood analysis revealed mild leucocytosis and hyperglobulinemia. Hair, skin scraping, and skin biopsy ruled out parasites and bacteria; cytology identified yeast-like structures with hyphae or pseudohyphae. Geotrichum candidum was isolated on culture. Treatment consisted of stable disinfection, topical application of an antifungal solution, vitamins C and E supplementation and allowing the horse to graze in sunlight for at least 6 h/day. At 3-weeks follow-up, the horse had gained weight, alopecia was decreased, and all other clinical parameters were normal. Antifungal treatment was continued twice a week for three months. This study suggests Geotrichum candidum may cause skin lesions in horses after long-term use of corticosteroids or antibiotics. To avoid unnecessary and prolonged suffering in cases of dermatitis, veterinarians should be promptly consulted, appropriate diagnostic procedures conducted, so that a definitive diagnosis can be reached, and an appropriate treatment regimen implemented.

Research Area(s)

  • Diagnosis, Equine, Fungal skin disease, Health

Citation Format(s)

Rare Generalized Form of Fungal Dermatitis in a Horse: Case Report. / Padalino, Barbara; Sandy, Jeanine Rhoda; Barrasso, Roberta et al.
In: Animals, Vol. 10, No. 5, 871, 05.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

Download Statistics

No data available