Rain Removal From Light Field Images With 4D Convolution and Multi-Scale Gaussian Process

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

5 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-936
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Online published13 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Existing deraining methods focus mainly on a single input image. However, with just a single input image, it is extremely difficult to accurately detect and remove rain streaks, in order to restore a rain-free image. In contrast, a light field image (LFI) embeds abundant 3D structure and texture information of the target scene by recording the direction and position of each incident ray via a plenoptic camera. LFIs are becoming popular in the computer vision and graphics communities. However, making full use of the abundant information available from LFIs, such as 2D array of sub-views and the disparity map of each sub-view, for effective rain removal is still a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a novel method, 4D-MGP-SRRNet, for rain streak removal from LFIs. Our method takes as input all sub-views of a rainy LFI. To make full use of the LFI, it adopts 4D convolutional layers to simultaneously process all sub-views of the LFI. In the pipeline, the rain detection network, MGPDNet, with a novel Multi-scale Self-guided Gaussian Process (MSGP) module is proposed to detect high-resolution rain streaks from all sub-views of the input LFI at multi-scales. Semi-supervised learning is introduced for MSGP to accurately detect rain streaks by training on both virtual-world rainy LFIs and real-world rainy LFIs at multi-scales via computing pseudo ground truths for real-world rain streaks. We then feed all sub-views subtracting the predicted rain streaks into a 4D convolution-based Depth Estimation Residual Network (DERNet) to estimate the depth maps, which are later converted into fog maps. Finally, all sub-views concatenated with the corresponding rain streaks and fog maps are fed into a powerful rainy LFI restoring model based on the adversarial recurrent neural network to progressively eliminate rain streaks and recover the rain-free LFI. Extensive quantitative and qualitative evaluations conducted on both synthetic LFIs and real-world LFIs demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed method.

© 2023 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Rain, Semisupervised learning, Training, Image restoration, Feature extraction, Task analysis, Estimation, Light field images, rain removal, 4D convolution, semi-supervised learning, Gaussian process, STREAK REMOVAL, SINGLE, NETWORK, MODEL