Quantitative impact assessment of temperature on the economics of a rooftop solar photovoltaic system

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21900-21913
Number of pages14
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number8
Online published24 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


This paper analyzes the economics of a grid-interactive rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) system and the impact of the temperature on it. The analysis related to energy metrics, lifecycle costing, and environmental economics was performed considering the PV system’s life as 30 years. The system economics is also compared at different conditions like theoretical, temperature-corrected, and real electricity generation data. The parameters like energy payback time (EPBT), energy return on energy invested (EROI), and lifecycle conversion efficiency are determined as 5.95 years, 5.04, and 0.078, respectively, based on actual generation. The unit electricity cost of the rooftop PV system was estimated as INR 5.37 at the 5% interest rate. The electricity cost varies with the interest rate variation and operation system life. The results show a reduction in overall economic performance on the increase in module temperature. The effect of temperature on the economics of the system is presented in terms of the per degree rise of module temperature. One degree increase of module temperature 8.5 days in EPBT of the PV system increases, and INR 0.021 increases in the unit cost of electricity considering a reference temperature 25 °C. A PV system has environmental benefits by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which are also affected by the rise of module temperature. The system lost INR 355.93 in carbon credits at an increase of one-degree module temperature. © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022

Research Area(s)

  • Rooftop solar in India, Photovoltaic system, Embodied energy, PV Module temperature, Lifecycle conversion effciency, Energy payback time