Approaching the Hole Mobility Limit of GaSb Nanowires

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Zai-Xing Yang
  • Ning Han
  • Guofa Dong
  • Lei Shu
  • Tak Fu Hung
  • Xiaoliang Mo


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9268-9275
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Issue number9
Online published24 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2015


In recent years, high-mobility GaSb nanowires have received tremendous attention for high-performance p-type transistors; however, due to the difficulty in achieving thin and uniform nanowires (NWs), there is limited report until now addressing their diameter-dependent properties and their hole mobility limit in this important one-dimensional material system, where all these are essential information for the deployment of GaSb NWs in various applications. Here, by employing the newly developed surfactant-assisted chemical vapor deposition, high-quality and uniform GaSb NWs with controllable diameters, spanning from 16 to 70 nm, are successfully prepared, enabling the direct assessment of their growth orientation and hole mobility as a function of diameter while elucidating the role of sulfur surfactant and the interplay between surface and interface energies of NWs on their electrical properties. The sulfur passivation is found to efficiently stabilize the high-energy NW sidewalls of (111) and (311) in order to yield the thin NWs (i.e., 40 nm in diameters) would grow along the most energy-favorable close-packed planes with the orientation of 〈111〈, supported by the approximate atomic models. Importantly, through the reliable control of sulfur passivation, growth orientation and surface roughness, GaSb NWs with the peak hole mobility of ∼400 cm2V s-1 for the diameter of 48 nm, approaching the theoretical limit under the hole concentration of ∼2.2 × 1018 cm-3, can be achieved for the first time. All these indicate their promising potency for utilizations in different technological domains.

Research Area(s)

  • diameter dependent, GaSb nanowires, growth orientation, hole mobility, surfactant-assisted chemical vapor deposition

Citation Format(s)

Approaching the Hole Mobility Limit of GaSb Nanowires. / Yang, Zai-Xing; Yip, Senpo; Li, Dapan et al.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 9, No. 9, 22.09.2015, p. 9268-9275.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review