A cross-country empirical analysis of international reserves

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-481
Journal / PublicationInternational Economic Journal
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Using data from more than 100 economies for the period of 1975 to 2005, we conduct an extensive empirical analysis of the determinants of international reserve holdings. Four groups of determinants, namely, traditional macro variables, financial variables, institutional variables, and dummy variables that control for individual economies' characteristics are considered. We find that the relationship between international reserves and their determinants is significantly different between developed and developing economies and is not stable over time. The estimation results indicate that, especially during the recent period, a developed economy tends to hold a lower level of international reserves than a developing one. Furthermore, there is only limited evidence that East Asian economies including China and Japan are accumulating an excessive amount of international reserves. © 2009 Korea International Economic Association.

Research Area(s)

  • Developed versus developing economies, Excess hoarding, Financial factors, Institutional variables, Macro determinants