A novel second-order output spectrum based local tuning method for locating bolt-loosening faults

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number107104
Number of pages19
Journal / PublicationMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Online published9 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


This paper presents a novel second-order output spectrum (SOOS) based method with a local tuning approach (LTA) for the precise localization of multiple bolt-loosening faults in complex structures with a simple sensor chain. The development of this new method is based on a recently developed virtual beam-like structure (VBLS) concept and the nth-order output spectrum estimation (nth-OSE) algorithm using only properly measured data. In this new method, a more general multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) model with general nonlinear restoring forces, caused by not only faults but also inherently existing material or boundary nonlinearities in structures, is considered, and a special local tuning mechanism is intentionally proposed to derive the novel SOOS based damage indicator. Results of numerical and experimental studies demonstrate that this novel SOOS based local tuning method can give more accurate, sensitive and reliable information about fault positions, and then can be used effectively and reliably for the precise localization of multiple bolt-loosening faults in complex structures even with inherent material or boundary nonlinearities. The results of this study would present a totally new insight into initial structural fault detection by employing sensitive nonlinear features from a systematic frequency domain approach.

Research Area(s)

  • Bolt loosening, Fault indicator, Fault location, Local tuning, Nonlinearity