Bismuth replacement by samarium in strontium bismuth niobate and its multiferroic nature

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Original languageEnglish
Article number036104
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


Strontium bismuth niobate (SBN) is a ferroelectric material. This research reports the effects of the total replacement of bismuth in SBN by the rare-earth element, samarium. X-ray-diffraction measurement with Rietveld analysis shows that the tetragonal crystal structure of SBN is essentially retained but is distorted to an orthorhombic form. The new phase shows a ferromagnetic response in addition to its inherent ferroelectric property at room temperature. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.