Dermatological Problems of Brachycephalic Dogs

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Original languageEnglish
Article number2016
Number of pages25
Journal / PublicationAnimals
Issue number12
Online published16 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023



Brachycephalic dogs are not only affected by brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS), but are also frequently referred to veterinary dermatologists for skin conditions, with English bulldogs and pugs particularly over-represented. Some skin diseases, such as skin fold dermatitis, are directly associated with the abnormal anatomic conformation of brachycephalic dogs, while for others, such as atopic dermatitis and viral pigmented plaques, there is an underlying genetic basis or a general predisposition. Anatomic alterations associated with brachycephaly, leading to fold formation of the skin and stenosis of the ear canal, together with primary immunodeficiencies described in some breeds, favor the development of pyoderma, Malassezia dermatitis, and otitis externa/media. In addition, the frequently neglected but often lifelong dermatological problems of brachycephalic dogs are an important consideration when discussing genetic and medical conditions affecting the welfare of those dogs. Here we review the current state of knowledge concerning dermatological problems in brachycephalic dogs and combine it with clinical experience in the management of these challenging disorders. © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Research Area(s)

  • Canine, BOAS, Brachycephalic, Congenital, Skin Folds, Allergy, Infectious Diseases, Immunologic Disorders, Otitis Externa, Ethical

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