Growth kinetics of the Cu3Sn phase and void formation of sub-micrometre solder layers in Sn-Cu binary and Cu-Sn-Cu sandwich structures

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

38 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations


Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-53
Journal / PublicationJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2013


Ultra-thin (sub-micrometre thickness) solder layer samples: Sn-Cu binary and Cu-Sn-Cu sandwich structures (for chip-stacking interconnections) were fabricated by electroplating. Reflow was conducted with a peak temperature of 265 C and the aging was conducted with a temperature of 120 C for up to 500 h. The special interfacial phenomena were investigated and the evolution of the intermetallic compounds (IMCs) was studied. The experimental results showed that: solder materials were totally converted into IMCs when the solder thickness was under 1.0 μm. After the depletion of Sn, the Cu3Sn phase kept developing based on the consumption of the Cu6Sn 5 phase. Thus a drop of the Cu6Sn5 layer thickness was observed. Microvoids formed in IMC layers, at the grain boundaries, especially at the triple junctions. For samples without a proper cleaning process, the morphology of the IMC changed into prism-like crystallites. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Cu3Sn, Intermetallic compounds, Microstructures, Microvoids, Ultra-thin solder