Validating an American Scale in Hong Kong : The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-186
Journal / PublicationJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998


The construct validity of a Chinese-language version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) was tested on a sample of 138 Hong Kong Chinese married couples. Confirmatory factor analysis identified 2 factors: (a) depressive symptom factors and (b) interpersonal problem factors. Those factors attained convergent, discriminant, and structural validity when evaluated against social desirability. The CES-D also manifested nomological validity in terms of its significant relationships with measures of life satisfaction and stressful life events.