Pleiotropic effects of c-di-GMP content in Pseudomonas syringae

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Zhao Cai
  • Xiaolong Shao
  • Yingchao Zhang
  • Stephan C. Schuster
  • Liang Yang

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00152-19
Journal / PublicationApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Issue number10
Online published2 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - May 2019



Although the ubiquitous bacterial secondary messenger cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) has important cellular functions in a wide range of bacteria, its function in the model plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae remains largely elusive. To this end, we overexpressed Escherichia coli diguanylate cyclase (YedQ) and phosphodiesterase (YhjH) in P. syringae, resulting in high and low in vivo levels of c-di- GMP, respectively. Via genome-wide RNA sequencing of these two strains, we found that c-di-GMP regulates (i) fliN, fliE, and flhA, which are associated with flagellar assembly; (ii) alg8 and alg44, which are related to the exopolysaccharide biosynthesis pathway; (iii) pvdE, pvdP, and pvsA, which are associated with the siderophore biosynthesis pathway; and (iv) sodA, which encodes a superoxide dismutase. In particular, we identified three promoters that are sensitive to elevated levels of c-di-GMP and inserted them into luciferase-based reporters that respond effectively to the c-di-GMP levels in P. syringae; these promoters could be useful in the measurement of in vivo levels of c-di-GMP in real time. Further phenotypic assays validated the RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) results and confirmed the effect on c-di-GMP-associated pathways, such as repressing the type III secretion system (T3SS) and motility while inducing biofilm production, siderophore production, and oxidative stress resistance. Taken together, these results demonstrate that c-di-GMP regulates the virulence and stress response in P. syringae, which suggests that tuning its level could be a new strategy to protect plants from attacks by this pathogen.

Research Area(s)

  • c-di-GMP, pleiotropic effects, Pseudomonas syringae, T3SS

Citation Format(s)

Pleiotropic effects of c-di-GMP content in Pseudomonas syringae. / Wang, Tingting; Cai, Zhao; Shao, Xiaolong et al.
In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 85, No. 10, e00152-19, 05.2019.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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