A 60-GHz Wideband Circularly Polarized Aperture-Coupled Magneto-Electric Dipole Antenna Array

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Original languageEnglish
Article number7423706
Pages (from-to)1325-1333
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016


A novel circularly polarized (CP) aperture-coupled magneto-electric (ME) dipole antenna is proposed. The CP ME-dipole antenna fed by a transverse slot etched on the broad wall of a section of shorted-end substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) is convenient to integrate into substrates. An impedance bandwidth of wider than 28.8%, a wide 3-dB axial ratio (AR) bandwidth of 25.9%, and gain of 7.7 ± 1.4 dBic over the operating band are achieved. Additionally, since the CP radiation is generated by the combination of two orthogonal ME-dipole modes, the antenna element has stable unidirectional radiation patterns that are almost identical in two principle planes throughout the operating band, which is desirable to array applications. By employing the proposed CP ME-dipole as radiating elements, an 8 × 8 high-gain wideband planar antenna array is proposed for 60-GHz millimeter-wave applications. A fabrication procedure of using conductive adhesive films to bond all print circuit board (PCB) layers together is successfully implemented to realize the array design with a three-layered geometry, which has advantages of low costs and possibility of large-scale manufacture. The measured impedance bandwidth of the fabricated prototype is 18.2% for |S11| <-10 dB. Because of the wide AR bandwidth of the new antenna element, a wide AR bandwidth of 16.5% can be achieved by this array without the use of sequential feed. Gain up to 26.1 dBic and good radiation efficiency of around 70% are also obtained due to the use of a full-corporate SIW feed network with low insertion loss at millimeter-wave frequencies.

Research Area(s)

  • antenna array, Circular polarization, millimeter-wave