Two-phase interfacial structure development in vertical narrow rectangular channels

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number122832
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Online published26 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022


This study has experimentally investigated flow characteristics of two group bubbles in upward two-phase flows in a vertical narrow rectangular channel with 0.993 mm in gap, 40 mm in width, 2000 mm in height, and 1.94 mm in equivalent hydraulic diameter, Dh. The local measurements are performed at seven axial positions (z/Dh =52, 104, 155, 207, 415, 622, 829 (z: the axial distance from the inlet) using a high-speed camera. The database of the locally evolving parameters has been established by processing the images from the high-speed camera measurements. The measured parameters include the void fraction, interfacial area concentration (IAC), Sauter mean diameter and number density of group-1 and -2 bubbles, and gas-phase velocity of all bubbles. A total of 14 flow conditions are set at four different superficial liquid velocities ranging from 0.214 m/s to 2.08 m/s and different superficial gas velocities ranging from 0.0755 m/s to 1.70 m/s at the inlet. The observed flow regimes cover the bubbly, cap-bubbly, and slug flows. The measured void fraction ranges from 3.92 % to 42.6 %. The axially developing features of the two-phase flows are analyzed for the three flow regimes. Abrupt and gradual axial two-group bubble evolutions with intensive bubble coalescence at the flow regime transition are, respectively, observed at low and high superficial liquid velocity conditions. The newly-obtained experimental database has been used to evaluate the existing two-group interfacial area transport equation (IATE) and its corresponding source and sink models for the two-phase flow in the vertical narrow rectangular channel. Group-1 bubble IAC mean relative error of 21.1% and group-2 bubble IAC mean relative error of 33.4% have been obtained in the evaluations. The existing two-group IATE cannot satisfactorily predict the intensive bubble coalescence and the intragroup transport of the two-group bubbles at the transition from bubbly to slug flow in the vertical narrow rectangular channel. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the existing models of the intergroup and intragroup bubble interactions in the existing two-group IATE in the future.

Research Area(s)

  • Image processing measurement, Interfacial area transport, Narrow rectangular channel, Two-group approach, Void fraction