Wideband Excitation Technology of TE20 Mode Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) and Its Applications

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Peng Wu
  • Jirong Liu
  • Quan Xue

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1863 - 1874
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number6
Online published11 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015


The higher order mode substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) has advantages in the applications, which are: 1) simplifying the structure with reduced fabrication cost and 2) enhancing the stability of performance by relaxed fabrication tolerance. In this paper, two wideband TE20 mode excitation structures are presented and investigated for the SIW. A slot along the mid line in the longitudinal direction of the SIW is employed to convert the electromagnetic field pattern between slotline and the TE20 mode SIW. The second structure is based on the slot aperture coupling and can realize wideband direct transition between the TE20 mode SIW and microstrip line. Both transitions have a simple and compact structure, as well as broadband characteristics. The wideband transition performance is demonstrated in this paper. As application examples of the transitions, two broadband substrate integrated baluns are presented and fabricated based on the TE20 mode excitation structures and TE20 mode characteristics. The 180 degrees out-of-phase and equal magnitude of the balun outputs in a wide frequency range can be achieved inherently. The balun based on the slotline excitation has a fractional bandwidth of 50.2%, from 7.3 to 12.2 GHz, with measured return loss, amplitude imbalance, and phase imbalance better than 10 and 0.45 dB and 3.8 degrees. The balun based on the aperture coupling excitation shows a fractional bandwidth of 50.3%, from 7 to 11.7 GHz, with measured return loss, insertion loss, amplitude imbalance, and phase imbalance better than 10, 1, and 0.27 dB and 2.4 degrees, respectively. Both baluns not only show good performance, but also demonstrate the existence of the TE20 mode in the SIW.

Research Area(s)

  • Balun, slotline, substrate integrated waveguide (SIW), TE20 mode, transition