Internet Use, Freedom Supply, and Demand for Internet Freedom : A Cross-National Study of 20 Countries

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

8 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations


Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2093–2114
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Communication
Publication statusPublished - 2017



This study examines public demand for Internet freedom and control along with their microindividual and macrosocietal predictors. Based on a secondary analysis of the Internet Society’s Global Internet User Survey data, it is found that the picture regarding people’s attitudes toward Internet freedom and censorship is more complicated and nuanced than assumed. First, Internet use was a positive predictor of demand for Internet freedom, but not of demand for Internet control. Second, freedom supply (the amount of Internet freedom in a given country), and individual perception of freedom supply in particular, was found to be negatively associated with people’s demand for both Internet freedom and Internet control, which partially supports the prediction of balance theory. Finally, the results of statistical interaction analyses suggest the impact of Internet use on demand for Internet freedom and control is contingent on people’s perceived freedom supply in their respective countries.

Research Area(s)

  • Internet freedom, Internet censorship, public opinion, balance theory, democratic values, CITIZEN ATTITUDES, MULTILEVEL MODEL, PRESS FREEDOM, CENSORSHIP, DEMOCRACY, SUPPORT, MEDIA, COMMUNICATION, VIOLENT, IMPACT

Download Statistics

No data available