In Situ Device-Level TEM Characterization Based on Ultra-Flexible Multilayer MoS2 Micro-Cantilever

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Original languageEnglish
Article number2301439
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Materials
Issue number28
Online published3 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2023


Current state-of-the-art in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization technology has been capable of statically or dynamically nanorobotic manipulating specimens, affording abundant atom-level material attributes. However, an insurmountable barrier between material attributes investigations and device-level application explorations exists due to immature in situ TEM manufacturing technology and sufficient external coupled stimulus. These limitations seriously prevent the development of in situ device-level TEM characterization. Herein, a representative in situ opto-electromechanical TEM characterization platform is put forward by integrating an ultra-flexible micro-cantilever chip with optical, mechanical, and electrical coupling fields for the first time. On this platform, static and dynamic in situ device-level TEM characterizations are implemented by utilizing molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoflake as channel material. E-beam modulation behavior in MoS2 transistors is demonstrated at ultra-high e-beam acceleration voltage (300 kV), stemming from inelastic scattering electron doping into MoS2 nanoflakes. Moreover, in situ dynamic bending MoS2 nanodevices without/with laser irradiation reveals asymmetric piezoresistive properties based on electromechanical effects and secondary enhanced photocurrent based on opto-electromechanical coupling effects, accompanied by real-time monitoring atom-level characterization. This approach provides a step toward advanced in situ device-level TEM characterization technology with excellent perception ability and inspires in situ TEM characterization with ultra-sensitive force feedback and light sensing. © 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Research Area(s)

  • in situ device-level transmission electron microscopy characterization, molybdenum disulfide transistors, nanorobotic manipulation, opto-electromechanical transmission electron microscopy system, ultra-flexible micro-cantilevers