Identification and Genetic Characterization of Conjugative Plasmids Encoding Coresistance to Ciprofloxacin and Cephalosporin in Foodborne Vibrio spp.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01032-23
Journal / PublicationMicrobiology Spectrum
Volume11
Issue number4
Online published3 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2023

Link(s)

Abstract

Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants, such as qnrVC genes, have been widely reported in Vibrio spp. while other types of PMQR genes were rarely reported in these bacteria. This study characterized the phenotypic and genotypic features of foodborne Vibrio spp. carrying qnrS, a key PMQR gene in Enterobacteriaceae. Among a total of 1,811 foodborne Vibrio isolates tested, 34 (1.88%) were found to harbor the qnrS gene. The allele qnrS2 was the most prevalent, but coexistence with other qnr alleles was common. Missense mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of the gyrA and parC genes were only found in 11 of the 34 qnrS-bearing isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests showed that all 34 qnrS-bearing isolates were resistant to ampicillin and that a high percentage also exhibited resistance to cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Genetic analysis showed that these phenotypes were attributed to a diverse range of resistance elements that the qnrS-bearing isolates harbored. The qnrS2 gene could be found in both the chromosome and plasmids; the plasmid-borne qnrS2 genes could be found on both conjugative and nonconjugative plasmids. pAQU-type qnrS2-bearing conjugative plasmids were able to mediate expression of phenotypic resistance to both ciprofloxacin and cephalosporins. Transmission of this plasmid among Vibrio spp. would speed up the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens that are resistant to the most important antibiotics used in treatment of Vibrio infections, suggesting that close monitoring of emergence and dissemination of MDR Vibrio spp. in both food samples and clinical settings is necessary. © 2023 Xu et al.

Research Area(s)

  • foodborne Vibrio spp, antimicrobial resistance, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance, qnrS gene, pAQU-like plasmid, MEDIATED QUINOLONE RESISTANCE, DETERMINANT, PREVALENCE, SEQUENCE, ISOLATE, SUBSP, SPP., QNRS

Citation Format(s)

Identification and Genetic Characterization of Conjugative Plasmids Encoding Coresistance to Ciprofloxacin and Cephalosporin in Foodborne Vibrio spp. / Xu, Yating; Zheng, Zhiwei; Ye, Lianwei et al.
In: Microbiology Spectrum, Vol. 11, No. 4, e01032-23, 17.08.2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

Download Statistics

No data available