Enhanced flame retardancy of polypropylene by melamine-modified graphene oxide

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Bihe Yuan
  • Haibo Sheng
  • Xiaowei Mu
  • Lei Song
  • Qilong Tai
  • Yongqian Shi
  • Yuan Hu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5389-5401
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Science
Volume50
Issue number16
Early online date14 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) is modified by melamine (MA) via the strong π–π interactions, hydrogen bonding, and electrostatic attraction. PP composites are prepared by melt compounding method, and GO/functionalized graphene oxide (FGO) is in situ thermally reduced during the processing. The results of scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy indicate that FGO nanosheets are homogeneously dispersed in polymer matrix with intercalation and exfoliation microstructure. The FGO/PP nanocomposite exhibits higher thermal stability and flame retardant property than those of the GO counterpart. During the thermal decomposition, the intercalated MA is condensed to graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) in the confined micro-zone created by GO nanosheets. This in situ formed g-C3N4 provides a protective layer to graphene and enhances its barrier effect. The heat release rate and the escape of volatile degradation products are reduced in the FGO-based nanocomposites.

Citation Format(s)

Enhanced flame retardancy of polypropylene by melamine-modified graphene oxide. / Yuan, Bihe; Sheng, Haibo; Mu, Xiaowei; Song, Lei; Tai, Qilong; Shi, Yongqian; Liew, Kim Meow; Hu, Yuan.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 50, No. 16, 08.2015, p. 5389-5401.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review