A broadband compact microstrip rat-race hybrid using a novel CPW inverter

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-166
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007


A new compact microstrip rat-race hybrid with an octave bandwidth employing a novel frequency-independent coplanar waveguide (CPW) phase inverter is reported in this paper. The 270° branch of a conventional rat-race is replaced by a -90° branch, which is realized by a 90° microstrip line and the CPW phase inverter. A new microstrip-to-CPW transition is introduced for which a lumped-element model is devised to facilitate parameter optimization. The designed transition has an insertion loss less than 0.33 dB across the designed frequency band from 1.5 to 3.5 GHz. The footprint of the proposed design is reduced by 75% and shows almost 60% and 80% enhancements in the 0.5-dB mismatch bandwidth of amplitude and 10° mismatch bandwidth of phase, respectively, when compared with the conventional implementation. The proposed hybrid can be fabricated using a conventional printed-circuit and plated thru-hole technologies. © 2006 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Broadband, Coplanar waveguide (CPW) phase inverter, Microstrip-to-CPW transition, Rat-race hybrid